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There is no better place in the world to have a holiday than South Africa. For independent information, advice and facts about going on holiday to South Africa visit www.southafricaholiday.org.uk
South Africa Holiday: Black Rhino

SOUTH AFRICA HOLIDAY: AFRICAN RHINO

The rhinoceros (Greek: rhino = nose, ceros = horn) is commonly called rhino for short. There are two species of African rhino, both of which can be seen in South Africa: the rarer black rhino (Diceros bicornis) and the more common white rhino (Ceratotherium simum).

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Black Rhino

Also called the �hook-lipped� rhino, the black rhino has a prehensile upper lip, which is used to browse and feed on twigs of woody plants and legumes.
Black rhinos were once found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, with the exception of the Congo Basin. They are now limited to 3,600 individuals in a patchy distribution from Cameroon in the west, to Kenya in the east, and south to South Africa.
Of the four sub-species of black rhino, the southern-central black rhino (Diceros bicornis minor) is the most numerous and inhabited a historic range from central Tanzania down through Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique to northern and eastern South Africa.
Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, the state conservation organization in KwaZulu-Natal, manages reserves which are home to many of Africa�s 3,600 black rhinos. The largest population, numbering around 300, lives in Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, a 1000km2 protected area of predominantly thornbush savannah (thornveld). Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, supported by WWF, is forming partnerships with landowners in areas which were historically home to black rhinos. Given that very few, if any, single landowners own pieces of land large enough to support a significant black rhino population, cooperative conservancies are being established between adjacent landowners who are prepared to remove their internal fences.

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White Rhino

Also known as the �square-lipped� rhinoceros, white rhinos have a squared (not pointed) upper lip, which is used to graze on grassland. They are larger than the black rhino and have almost no hair
The southern white rhino (Ceratotherium simum simum) is one of conservation�s greatest success stories. Thought to be extinct in the late 19th century, in 1895 a small population of less than 100 was discovered in KwaZulu-Natal.
South Africa Holiday: White rhino in the Kruger National Park
After more than a century of protection and management, southern white rhinos are now the only non-endangered rhinos. Classified by WWF as Near Threatened, they currently number about 11,000, confined to protected areas and private game reserves.
South Africa remains the stronghold for these rhinos, with smaller populations having been re-introduced to Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe
As their numbers grow, white rhinos are moving from protected areas to private properties. In South Africa, WWF has set up a project with the African Rhino Owners Association (a group of private game ranchers with significant rhinos on their properties) to improve the security and biological management of rhino populations.
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